What is obsessive-compulsive disorder?

Everyone may experience have some level of obsessive-compulsive behaviors in their lifetime. For example, some may have arranged or arranged toys in a specific way, or tried to avoid stepping on the sidewalk when they were young. It can also be called a kind of compulsive behavior, but they may disappear as they grow up, or have little impact on daily life. However, the obsessive-compulsive behavior of patients with OCD is often accompanied by strong anxiety, which has a great impact on daily life.

What are the symptoms of OCD?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder can be divided into three main parts: obsessive thoughts, obsessive behaviors, and accompanying anxiety or tension.

First of all, obsessive thoughts refer to unreasonable demands and troubles in the mind, for example: often worrying about whether the doors and windows are locked, whether the environment is clean enough, etc., which can be described as typical obsessive thoughts.

Next, in order to eliminate the tension or anxiety caused by the obsessive thoughts, a repetitive action, compulsion, occurs in an attempt to remove or lessen the negative feelings caused by the obsessive thoughts. For example, if you are worried about the safety of doors and windows, you will repeatedly check the doors and windows, and if you clean them, you may continue to repeat the cleaning, and the number of times can range from ten to dozens of times.

When performing compulsive behaviors, obsessive thoughts will continue to appear, and in performing compulsive behaviors over and over again, the anxiety and tension generated in them will continue to deepen, and some of them may even produce depression, guilt and other emotions.

如How to deal with OCD?
If you find or suspect that you have OCD after reading the above symptoms, you should seek professional help:
• Medication – Discuss the dosage with your doctor and follow your doctor’s guidelines.
• Psychological counseling – Professional psychological counseling can also effectively treat OCD. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most mainstream. By helping patients differentiate between thoughts and behaviors, patients can gradually stop dancing with obsessive thoughts and gradually reduce the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder. impact.

If my friend has OCD, how can I help him/her?

• Maintain empathy for obsessive-compulsive disorder: the society’s understanding of obsessive-compulsive disorder may be very different from the actual obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is hidden in the heart, so it takes a lot of empathy to make them willing to open themselves up.
• Deepen your understanding of OCD: Many misunderstandings stem from ignorance, so knowing more information about OCD should help you better understand the patient’s needs and thus be more able to encourage the patient to seek appropriate help.
• Encourage patients to seek professional help: Patient listening, non-judgmental consideration and support are the best responses to those with OCD, and after this, patients may also be encouraged to seek professional help for a cure.
• Take care of yourself: As a friend or caregiver, you should also take good care of yourself. You need adequate care both physically and mentally, because only by taking care of yourself can you have more space to carry others.